Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Susan onyango is the global communications coordinator at the world agroforestry centre and is based at the headquarters in nairobi, kenya. Planting riparian buffer strips, one of several possible agroforestry practices, protects water quality and helps. The usda agroforestry strategic framework 20112016 30. Agroforestry solutions to address food security and. Among them are poor and marginalized groups, while indigenous peoples are proportionally more dependent. Case study of lugari district find, read and cite all the. This study is different from a simple biomass assessment in that it provides additional information about other benefits.
Contribution of agroforestry to climate change mitigation. Costa rica 27 12 public planning as a promotion tool. Agroforestry science will be interpreted and tools tailored to accommodate diverse users. Pdf on nov 18, 2012, agevi humphrey and others published understanding farmers agroforestry practices in western kenya. Timber prices are relatively high in kenya at present due to the shortage in supply, it was only today that we learnt from mark that teeth go this way or that way, even this must be attributed to ban moratorium on forest wood extraction. A vso guide to raising and planting trees in kenya. With the help of the agroforestry extension program by the kenya forest department and dissemination by international nongovernmental organizations, agroforestry has been implemented in several regions in kenya scherr, 1995. Formerly international center for research in agroforestry, icraf has extensive worldwide programs in agroforestry research and training. Nai robi, world agroforestry centre, a nd rome, food and agric ulture organ ization of the united nation s. For example, in roman times, mediterranean farmers used to. Adoption of new agroforestry tree gliricidia sepium in mwala division, kenya wanjiru beatrice nzilu n50ce226432010 a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of master of science environmental education in the school of environmental studies of kenyatta university march 2015. Furthermore, low soil fertility and general environmental degradation has. Agroforestry in dryland africa download ebook pdf, epub.
Click download or read online button to get agroforestry in dryland africa book now. Conventionally, farmers have only grown a single crop on one field. A closer look its difficult to discuss the benefits of agroforestry without taking a closer look at the bewildering variety of agroforestry systems. This intentional combination of agriculture and forestry has varied benefits, including increased biodiversity and reduced erosion. Download agroforestry in dryland africa or read online books in pdf, epub, tuebl, and mobi format. The centre specializes in the sustainable management, protection and regulation of tropical rainforest and natural reserves. The central role of nurseries odi rural development forestry network papers 11 fiv research reports and studies author. The framework supports the secretary of agricultures priorities in the usda strategic plan fy 20102015. Objectives the main purpose of this study was to document the farmer preferences on agroforestry practices. The biggest advantage of agroforestry is that it can help to mitigate climate change while at the same time contributing to the adaptation agenda. Agroforestry handbook for the world agroforestry centre 784 view agroforestry extension manual for eastern zambia 1,029 view ulamp extension approach samsamwater 929 view agroforestry study visit to malawi and zambia, 2030 january 2002 1,359 view. World agroforestry transforming lives and landscapes.
Approximately 45 million people official languages. Click download or read online button to get agroforestry in the drylands of eastern africa book now. Cab international, new york, new york and icraf, nairobi, kenya isbn. Estimating productivity effect of agroforestry in kenya. Kenya, in 2002 in collaboration with the regional land management unit relma of the swedish international development agency sida chakeredza.
Classification of agroforestry af systems is necessary in order to provide a framework for evaluating systems and developing action plans for their improvement. Agroforestry has the potential to help solve both of these problems, and many more. Agroforestry systems with trees for biomass production in. Pdf despite the low rates of adoption of agroforestry practices among famers in kenya, agroforestry remains an important component of sustainable land. Agroforestry systems part 2 of 2back in march, i wrote,i have been asked to update an article on agroforestry. This study was designed to assess the preference of smallscale farmers in agroforestry technologies and practices in kenya as per the objectives below. Medicinal and aromatic plants in agroforestry systems pdf. Contribution of agroforestry to climate change mitigation and livelihoods in western kenya saskia reppin. Agroforestry practices have been successful in subsaharan africa and in parts of the united states. They also publish the overstory, an electronic information resource for reforestation, conservation, and agroforestry, with subscribers in over 170 countries. World agroforestry centre, po box 30677, nairobi, kenya.
Pdf benefits of agroforestry farming practices among rural. Further, recent studies assessing carbon stocks often focus on particular agroforestry practices such as natural or planted fallows, agroforestry parkland and rangeland marone. Agroforestry trees for nutrient cycling and sustainable. Agroforestry contributes to soil conservation in several ways. Aug 01, 2011 agroforestry practices to develop stateoftheart tools and technologies.
From its inception, it has contained a strong element of soil management. History of world agroforestry centre established in 1978 to promote agroforestry research in developing countries. I am especially interested in any new innovative techniques, inventories, or research on the subject that has taken place since 2000. This publication presents an overview of common agroforestry practices, evaluating and. Dec 02, 2015 related with agroforestry extension manual for eastern zambia. World agroforestry icraf is a centre of science and development excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment.
International centre for research in agroforestry, nairobi, kenya, 226 pp. Kenya straddles the equator on africas eastern coast, extending west to lake victoria and east to the. The world agroforestry icraf is a centre of scientific excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. Agroforestry systems may be thought of as principle parts of the farm system itself. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.
Agroforestry systems with trees for biomass production in western kenya abstract low agricultural production and a decline in fuelwood resources are serious constraints for subsistence smallholder farmers in western kenya in the subsaharan african region. They recently produced the usdasarefunded publication, agroforestry guides for pacific islands, which provides planning information for a number of agroforestry practices. Agroforestry in the drylands of eastern africa download. Effects of agroforestry on pest, disease and weed control. The vi agroforestry programme in kenya, tanzania and uganda. Regarding adaptation of agricultural production to climate change, agroforestry has potential to moderate climate extremes, in particular high temperatures, as well as intraannual climatic fluctuations. Also, there is a belief that crops cannot grow well. World agroforestry a brand name used by the international centre for research in agroforestry, icraf, is an international institute headquartered in nairobi, kenya, and founded in 1978 as international council for research in agroforestry. Medicinal and aromatic plants in agroforestry systems. Agroforestry strategic framework to increase awareness and support for expanding agroforestry and help usda focus its agroforestry research and technology transfer efforts. Agroforestry refers to land use systems in which trees or shrubs are grown in association with agricultural crops, or pastures and livestock. Lastly, in ethiopia, enset ventricosum, a droughtresistant, bananalike plant, is used as a staple drought food for 10 million people brandt et al. Welldesigned and managed agroforestry systems have the potential to control runoff and erosion, maintain soil organic matter and physical properties, and.
The agroforestry strategic framework pdf, 562 kb is a roadmap for agroforestry services usda provides to landowners through its conservation programs. Materials and methods study area this study was conducted in kapsaret subcounty of uasin gishu county, kenya. Despite all its merits, agroforestry adoption is slow and the adoption gap remains. With over 15 years experience in communication, she ensures efficient and effective coordination of communication support to units and regions at icraf. The role of agroforestry in building livelihood resilience to floods and. Transforming lives and landscapes history of world agroforestry centre established in 1978 to promote agroforestry research in developing countries. Agroforestry solutions to address food security and climate.
Nair international council for research in agroforestry, p. Forests, trees and agroforestry produce food, fibers, energy, water and ecosystem services, and are required to maintain biodiversity and adapt to and mitigate climate change. It has been practiced in the united states and around the world for centuries. Some successful uses of trees in isolation are given in table 3. In previous research, we showed how peasant farmers in western kenya who do adopt. Consequently, agroforestry is often absent from recommendations for ensuring food security under climate change, even though many practices have been shown to deliver benefits for rural development, buffer against climate variability, help rural populations adapt to climate change and contribute to climate change mitigation 15, 16. The restoration of treecover through agroforestry can mitigate the negative effects of deforestation, and complement the protection of pristine forest ecosystems tscharntke et al. Strategy for agroforestry development in ugandas drylands. From the mitigation side, agroforestry is the simplest technology in terms of what the farmers smallholders can do on their farms. Climate and economic benefits of agroforestry systems. Related with agroforestry extension manual for eastern zambia. Strategy for agroforestry development in ugandas drylands willy kakuru1, clement okia2 and john okorio3 a paper presented at the regional drylands agroforestry workshop, 1 3 september, 2004.
Table 2 lists some of the best of the nonfood producing trees used in agroforestry. Cgiar research program on forests, trees and agroforestry. Contribution of agroforestry to climate change mitigation and. Classification of agroforestry systems pdf free download. Kenya straddles the equator on africas eastern coast, extending west to lake victoria and east to the indian ocean. This volume contains a solid body of the current state of knowledge on the various themes and activities in agroforestry worldwide. The 25 th anniversary conference of the world agroforestry centre icraf was officially. As such, it plays a critical role in advancing agroforestry to enhance the nations economy and its agricultural landscapes, watersheds, and communities. Integration usda will integrate agroforestry into agency programs and policies to maximize and highlight economic, social, and conservation benefits. A green belt of vegetation cover around the lake victoria basin within smallscale holdings.
Agroforestry trees for nutrient cycling and sustainable management. Policy and institutional context for nrm in kenya 14 4. Now in a revised second edition, this book presents a synthesis of evidence from agriculture, forestry, and soil science, drawing on over 700 published sources dating largely from the 1990s. Deforestation and agricultural intensification are the most important drivers of the loss of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services foley et al. Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits. Improved policies for facilitating the adoption of agroforestry. Mar 16, 2019 these estimates are in the range of aboveground carbon stocks of tropical agroforestry systems in africa, 1. Some very good foodbearing trees for agroforestry are given in table 1.
Agroforestry for freerange pig production in veneto region, italy download the pdf download the ppt to know more about this stakeholder group authors valerio bondesan, veneto agriculture, division of research and agroforestry management, agripolis, legnaro 35020 padova. Notes on their identification, propagation and management for use by farming and pastoral communities. These estimates are in the range of aboveground carbon stocks of tropical agroforestry systems in africa, 1. The usda agroforestry strategic framework 20112016 30 an agroforestry programme. Kenya, the organization has five regional offices, located in. Leveraging the worlds largest repository of agroforestry science and information, we develop knowledge practices, from farmers fields to the global sphere, to ensure food security and. Agroforestry systems, by mimicking the complexity of natural ecosystems figure 1, can provide farmers with reliable, sustainable food production while protecting the environment.1066 1182 1371 1236 1253 905 1316 1597 372 363 373 1210 1124 892 1536 1489 750 1140 1064 1292 351 407 758 1057 211 1441 41 766 1114 189 1539 393 1023 193 205 709 361 1121 949