Respiratory disease is a medical term that encompasses pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing. Have students complete reflections on the respiratory system student handout and submit their sheet. To allow gas exchange to occur at the respiratory membrane, so that oxygen diffuses into the blood while carbon dioxide diffuses into the bronchial tree. Hsia department of internal medicine, university of texas southwestern medical center, dallas, texas, usa. In order to draw the childs attention away from breathing, you may palpate the radial pulse. The nose the only externally visible part of the respiratory system air enters the nose through the external nares nostrils the interior of the nose consists of a. Respiratory diseases respiratory diseases and illness, such as asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, allergic rhinitis, and sinusitis, can greatly impair a childs ability to function and are an important cause of missed. Respiratory system cryptogram 24 respiratory word search 25 respiratory system crossword 26 the oxygen treasure map project 27 respiratory matching quiz 28 the diaphragm in action. Match one box from the left column with one box from the right column.
Th e document calls for improvements in healthcare policies, systems and care delivery, as well as providing direction for future research. The respiratory system at a glance kindle edition by. Chapter 5 breathing the respiratory system you have read how the blood transports oxygen from the lungs to cells and carries carbon dioxide from the cells to the lungs. Disorders of the respiratory system, jama internal medicine. Understanding respiratory mechanics summary concepts. Infectious diseases such as tuberculosis remember highrisk groups. In brief, it outlines ways to make a positive diff erence in the respiratory health of the world.
Structure and professor linda falkow function of the. Dust from cotton, silica, coal, drug powders and pesticides. External respiration is the exchange of gases between the atmosphere and. See figure for an illustration of the human respiratory system.
Free respiratory diseases books download ebooks online. Asthma asthma is common condition that affects the lungs in both adults and children. The lungs function respiration vs breathing the trachea branches into two bronchi they are spongy because of little air sacs called alveoli the left lung is slightly smaller than the right. Top 8 respiratory illnesses and diseases unitypoint at home.
Symptoms are dyspnea, pain, barrel chest, cough, cyanosis, rapid breathing, respiratory failure and death. At birth, the respiratory system of an infant goes through a transition from a nonfunctional, fluidfilled system to a functional, airfilled system. Anatomy and physiology of the human respiratory system r. This disease is caused by a type of bacterium named mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ee4385, lecture notes respiratory system page 1 of 11 anatomy and physiology of respiratory system overview the primary function of the respiratory system is supplying oxygen to the blood and expelling waste gases, of which carbon dioxide is the main constituent, from the body. Pulmonary tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection that can spread in areas where large amount of blood and oxygen exist such as the lungs as well as other organs in the body. The primary symptoms of respiratory disorders are breath less ness, chest pain and cough, which may be associated with sputum production. Disorders of the respiratory system springer publishing. The swelling of the mucous membrane obstructs nasal breathing, and the voice becomes nasal. It is the function of the respiratory system to transport gases to and from the circulatory system. Respiratory diseases with a genetic component eg, cystic fibrosis, emphysema alpha1antitrypsin deficiency.
Disorders of the respiratory and circulatory system. Use the information about what students would like to learn about the respiratory system as a guide for extensions to this section of the human systems unit. A good tonic, like nux vomica and hydrastis or the compound tonic mixture, will be of great benefit. The american lung association is dedicated to being the premiere. Functions of the respiratory system to allow gases from the environment to enter the bronchial tree through inspiration by expanding the thoracic volume. An introduction to respiration student handout method.
Respiratory failure may be tachypenic, dyspneic, a. Global strategy for diagnosis, management and prevention of copd. Respiration happens inside cells breathing is the inhalation of oxygen and the. In addition, asthma is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in children. The upper respiratory tract includes the nasal passages, pharynx and the larynx, while the lower respiratory tract is comprised of the trachea, the primary bronchi and lungs. The handbook of respiratory care is intended for both practicing clinicians and students wishing to have a summary of data not found in other textbooks.
Download the pdf to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Respiratory system disorders can involve the nose, mouth, throat, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, and the muscles of respiration. Chronic disease epidemics key messages chronic disease epidemics take decades to become fully established. When the inflammation is active the mucous membrane of the lachrymal ducts becomes swollen and the tears overflowweeping cold. Thyroid cartilage is the largest cartilage of the larynx. Organs of the respiratory system nose pharynx larynx trachea bronchi lungs alveoli figure. Baker college of veterinary medicine north carolina state university general discussion in modern swine systems respiratory disease has evolved to more of a porcine respiratory disease complex prdc. Unitypoint health pulmonologist, jim meyer, do, tells us the top eight respiratory system illnesses. Determine the respiratory rate and compare it with the normal values for. A reasonable approach to taking the respiratory rate is the number of breaths in 15 seconds multiplied by 4. Following the familiar, easy to use at a glance format, and now in fullcolour, the respiratory system at a glance is an accessible introduction and revision text for medical students. The human respiratory system cut out all the boxes.
Cumming and semple have undertaken a formidable task in attempting. Respiratory motor resp onses to cranial nerve afferent stimulation in rat s. Noninfectious chronic respiratory condition that occurs when the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose elasticity so there is no exchange of gases. One thing is for sure, smoking is the most common cause of respiratory disease. Explanations of disorders of the respiratory system including pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema. Overview inflammatory disease of the respiratory system 58 4. Glue the matching boxes onto a large sheet of paper. The respiratory system is a tube opening to the outside world on one end, and along the way it divides and ends up in tiny, grapelike sacs, which interface with the blood. The components of the human respiratory system consist of air passageways and two lungs. Even tree have respiratory systems, taking in carbon dioxide and emitting. Forced expiratory flow fef 25%75% primarily reflects the status of the small airways and is more sensitive than the fev1 for identifying early airway obstruction.
The respiratory system can be subdivided into an upper respiratory tract and a lower respiratory tract based on anatomical features. Function of the respiratory system to provide a constant supply of oxygen o2 to keep your body cells functioning to remove carbon dioxide co2 from the body cells 3. It is also intended for the clinician or researcher while reading an article, formulating research, or providing patient care. Respiratory organ function bronchioles voicebox when we swallow food, a flap called the epiglottis closes over the top of the larynx and. Because of their slow evolution and chronic nature, chronic diseases present opportunities for prevention. The first patient has an acute asthma attack, the second patient is a chronic asthmatic, and the third patient has acute pneumonia. The anatomy of the respiratory system will be dealt with under the headings of the diaphragm, bronchi and pleura. Using their signs and symptoms and the pathophysiology of asthma and pneumonia, we will explain the characteristics of asthma and pneumonia as typical respiratory diseases. Structure of the respiratory system are the organs nose mouth nasal cavity pharynx. Chapter 1 anatomy and physiology of the human respiratory. Overview inflammatory disease of the respiratory system.
Respiratory system disorders accessscience from mcgrawhill. Respiratory notes lung function a decrease in diffusion capacity dlco indicates interstitial lung disease. Respiratory failure is the terminal stage of respiratory insufficiency, in which the activity of respiratory center is diminished to the point where the movement of respiratory muscles is completely stopped. It consists of situations of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing. These diseases include pathological conditions which disturb the organs and tissues that are responsible for exchanging gas in upper organisms. Reflecting changes to the content and assessment methods used in medical education and published clinical recommendations, this at a glance provides a userfriendly overview of the respiratory system to. Anatomy and physiology of respiratory system overview. Respiratory system disorders and therapy from a new, dynamic. Bio217 fall 2012 unit vii 3 thoracic cavity function of the pulmonary system ventilation mechanical movement of gas or air into and out of lungs minute volume lmin total volume of air entering lungsmin ventilatory rate breathsmin x tv. The design of the mammalian respiratory system animal size and metabolic requirements respiratory adaptation to changes in body size and metabolic rate 1. Diseasesdisorders of the respiratory system flashcards. Normally, an infants first breath is the most difficult because it must open the collapsed alveoli. The respiratory system what is the respiratory system. Respiratory system diseases charles feldman professor of pulmonology.
Pdf an overview on respiratory system researchgate. Asthma is defined as a common, chronic respiratory condition that causes difficulty breathing due to inflammation of the airways. A comprehensive nursing assessment includes an assessment of each system. Copd is a preventable and treatable disease with some significant. Respiratory diseases in the world realities of today opportunities for tomorrow.310 1187 1430 1066 670 185 392 438 218 790 703 443 1098 391 24 724 1340 1050 856 278 1012 1258 1282 921 1498 435 239 1494 747 375 1452 1022 1119